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Before choosing a base class for your transform filter, you must first decide whether your filter needs more than one input and output pin. If it does, you should derive your filter class from CBaseFilter.
If your filter needs to perform a video transform, you should derive your filter class from CVideoTransformFilter.
Otherwise, you should derive your filter class from CTransformFilteror CTransInPlaceFilter. To determine which one to use, you must decide whether your filter must copy media samples or can transform them in place. Because every copy operation uses valuable CPU cycles, filter developers should avoid copying media samples, if possible. It is best to write a filter to modify media samples in place on an allocator acquired from another filter. In some cases, this isn't possible, and you must perform a copy operation.
Where no copy is needed, the run-time overhead of a transform-inplace filter isn't much more than that of a function. However, by packaging the transform as a filter, you get the full flexibility of the filter graph architecture.
Some reasons that you might write a filter as a copy transform filter rather than a transform-inplace filter are:
Once you determine whether the transform filter will copy media samples or transform them in place, you must decide which base class or classes to use and which member functions you must override and implement. You can then define your derived classes.
Some member functions in the base classes must be overridden in your derived class because they are either declared as pure virtual in the base classes (they have no implementation), or have default implementations that do nothing but return an error value.
You derive your filter class from the transform base classes CTransformFilter, CTransInPlaceFilter, or CVideoTransformFilter, or from the more generic CBaseFilterfilter class. Most of the connection, media type, and allocator negotiation code is handled in the base classes and inherited by the transform classes. The transform classes make it possible to create a filter by deriving just one filter class (no pin classes). The transform classes make assumptions about the workings of transform filters that make the process of creating a transform filter easier.
To learn more about CTransformFilterand CTransInPlaceFilterand which of their member functions are typically overridden by the derived class, see Using the CTransformFilter and CTransInPlaceFilter Transform Base Classes.
Last updated on Tuesday, May 18, 2004