utility is a filter for converting non-printable characters into a
visual representation. It differs from cat -v in that the
form is unique and invertible. By default, all non-graphic
characters except space, tab, and newline are encoded. A detailed
description of the various visual formats is given in vis(3).
The options are as follows:
Turns off prepending of backslash before up-arrow control
sequences and meta-characters, and disables the doubling of
backslashes. This produces output that is neither invertible nor
precise, but does represent a minimum of change to the input. It is
similar to cat -v.
Request a format which displays a small subset of the
non-printable characters using C-style backslash sequences.
Causes vis to fold output lines to foldwidth columns
(default 80), like fold(1), except that a hidden newline sequence is
used (which is removed when inverting the file back to its original
form with unvis(1)). If the last character in the encoded file
does not end in a newline, a hidden newline sequence is appended to
the output. This makes the output usable with various editors and
other utilities that typically do not work with partial lines.
Same as -F.
Mark newlines with the visible sequence \$, followed by
Turns off any encoding, except that backslashes are still
doubled and hidden newline sequences inserted if -f or
-F is selected. When combined with the -f flag,
vis becomes like an invertible version of the fold(1) utility. That
is, the output can be unfolded by running the output through unvis(1).
Request a format that displays non-printable characters as an
octal number, \ddd.
Only characters considered unsafe to send to a terminal are
encoded. This flag allows backspace, bell, and carriage return in
addition to the default space, tab, and newline.
Tabs are also encoded.
White space (space, tab, newline) is also encoded.