The xsetroot(1) program allows you to tailor the appearance
of the background ("root") window on a workstation display running
X. You can experiment with xsetroot(1) until you find an
appearance you like, then put the xsetroot(1) command that
produces it into your X startup file. If no options are specified,
or if -def is specified, the window is reset to its default
state. The -def option can be specified along with other
options and only the unspecified characteristics will be reset to
the default state.
Only one of the background color/tiling changing options
(-solid, -gray, -grey, -bitmap, or
-mod) can be specified at a time.
Use the bitmap specified in the file to set the window pattern.
You can make your own bitmap files (little pictures) using the
bitmap(1) program. The entire background will be made up of
repeated "tiles" of the bitmap.
This lets you change the pointer cursor to whatever you want
when the pointer cursor is outside of any window. Cursor and mask
files are bitmaps (little pictures), and can be made with the
bitmap(1) program. You probably want the mask file to be all
black until you get accustomed to the way masks work.
This lets you change the pointer cursor to one of the standard
cursors from the cursor font. Refer to appendix B of the X protocol
for the names (except that the XC_ prefix is elided for this
Reset unspecified attributes to the default values. (Restores
the background to the familiar gray mesh and the cursor to the
hollow x shape.)
Specifies the server to connect to; see X(5).
Use color as the foreground color. Foreground and
background colors are meaningful only in combination with
-cursor, -bitmap, and -mod.
Make the entire background gray. (Easier on the eyes.)
Make the entire background grey.
Print a usage message and exit.
This is used if you want a plaid-like grid pattern on your
screen. x and y are integers ranging from 1 to 16.
Try the different combinations. Zero and negative numbers are taken
Set the name of the root window to string. There is no
default value. Usually, a name is assigned to a window so that the
window manager can use a text representation when the window is
iconified. This option is unused since you cannot iconify the
This exchanges the foreground and background colors. Normally,
the foreground color is black and the background color is
This sets the background of the root window to the specified
color. This option is only useful on color servers.