To perform a cold backup,
the database must be offline. You can choose to automatically
change the state of a database.
Select Take the database OFFLINE BEFORE the backup
starts to shutdown and startup, in a mount state, the target
database before the backup is started.
Select Bring the database ONLINE AFTER the backup
completes to shutdown and startup, in an open state, the
target database after the backup successfully completes.
The Oracle database initialization parameter file
contains information to initialize the database and instance. It is
used here when the target database is started in the mount or open
state. Starting with Oracle 9i, initialization parameters can also
be maintained in a binary server parameter file (SPFILE). Do not enter a parameter file name if you
are using an SPFILE.
For information on
database state, as it pertains to backup, refer to the Oracle
Backup and Recovery Guide.