A set of standards that allows directory information to be
represented and accessed using XML. DSML consists of two separate
An OASIS standard that provides a means of representing
directory information in XML.
An OASIS standard that provides a means for querying and
modifying directory information in XML.
DSML Services for
The Microsoft implementation of the DSML V2 standard.
A meta-markup language that provides a format for describing
structured data. This facilitates more precise declarations of
content and more meaningful search results across multiple
platforms. In addition, XML enables a new generation of Web-based
data viewing and manipulation applications.
See Internet Engineering Task Force
Engineering Task Force (IETF)
An open community of network designers, operators, vendors, and
researchers concerned with the evolution of Internet architecture
and the smooth operation of the Internet. Technical work is
performed by working groups organized by topic areas (such as
routing, transport, and security) and through mailing lists.
Internet standards are developed in IETF Requests for Comments
(RFCs), which are a series of notes that discuss many aspects of
computing and computer communication, focusing on networking
protocols, programs, and concepts.
See Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
The primary access protocol for Active Directory. LDAP is an
industry-standard protocol, established by the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF), that allows users to query and update
information in a directory service. Active Directory supports both
LDAP version 2 and LDAP version 3.
See Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information
A consortium of technology companies formed to develop
guidelines for use of XML and related information standards.
See Standard Generalized Markup Language
Access Protocol (SOAP)
An XML/HTTP-based protocol for platform-independent access to
objects and services on the Web. SOAP defines a message format in
XML that travels over the Internet using Hypertext Transfer
Protocol (HTTP). By using existing Web protocols (HTTP) and
languages (XML), SOAP runs over the existing Internet
infrastructure without being tied to any operating system,
language, or object model.
See Simple Object Access Protocol
Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
An information management standard adopted by the International
Organization for Standardization in 1986 as a means of providing
platform- and application-independent documents that retain
formatting, indexing, and linked information. SGML provides a
grammarlike mechanism for users to define the structure of their
documents and the tags they will use to denote the structure in
their individual docuements.
See World Wide Web Consortium
World Wide Web
A standards body based in the United States, Europe, and Japan.
The W3C is dedicated (in part) to encouraging the development of
open Web standards, such as the HTML and XML document markup
languages, to promote interoperability and assist the Web in
achieving its potential.