Directory Services

Creating a New Group

Joe Worden, the enterprise administrator, must create a new group. He would like to secure some resources, such as file, Active Directory objects, or other objects, based on the membership of this group. The following code example shows how to create a new group.

Set ou = GetObject("LDAP://OU=Sales,DC=Fabrikam,DC=COM")
Set grp = ou.Create("group", "CN=Management")
grp.Put "samAccountName", "mgmt"

This group, Management, will be created in the Sales organizational unit. First, Joe must create an ADSI object for the Sales organizational unit. Second, he must set the samAccountName attribute on this object, because it is a mandatory attribute for backward compatibility. For this example, when samAccountName is set, Windows NT 4.0 tools such as User Manager see the attribute as mgmt instead of Management.

Third, Joe must specify the type of group. In a Windows 2000 domain, there are three types of groups: Global, Domain Local, and Universal. In addition, the group carries its security characteristic. A group can be either a security-enabled or a non-secured group. Essentially, security-enabled groups are those that can be granted or denied access rights to resources, similar to a user. Granting a group access to a file share, for example, implies that all members of the group can access the file share. Distribution lists cannot be used in a similar manner — you cannot, for example, grant a distribution list the right to access a file share. During the upgrade, Windows NT 4.0 groups are migrated as security-enabled groups. Non-secured groups in Active Directory are similar to distribution lists in Exchange. Hence, creating groups or distribution lists are similar operations in Windows 2000. In the Windows 2000 native mode (native mode means that all domain controllers in a domain are Windows 2000 servers), the groups can be nested to any level.